The United Kingdom triggers Article 50. This means that negotiations on the UK`s withdrawal from the EU can begin. The EU and the UK have two years to reach an agreement. The transitional period shall not be extended. The United Kingdom has said it does not want an extension. The option of an extension was included in the Withdrawal Agreement. The UK and the EU had until 1 July 2020 to agree on a possible extension. The House of Commons votes in favour of the Brexit Act. This means that the UK is on track to leave the EU on 31 January. However, the House of Lords and the European Parliament have yet to approve the deal. During the transition period, Britain and the EU continue to negotiate their new relationship.
These include the agreement on how EU companies can do business in the UK and with the UK after the transition period. They will also negotiate security cooperation. The Irish backstop is repealed and replaced by a new Protocol on Northern Ireland/Republic of Ireland. The whole of the UK is leaving the EU customs union as a single customs territory, with Northern Ireland included in all future UK trade agreements. However, Northern Ireland adopts EU rules on the internal market for goods (including EU VAT) to avoid a hard border and remains a point of entry into the EU customs union.  This results in a de jure customs border on the island of Ireland, but de facto a customs border along the Irish Sea. EU tariffs (which depend on a free trade agreement between the UK and the EU) levied by the UK on behalf of the EU would be levied on goods that run from Britain to Northern Ireland and are “threatened” with subsequent transport and sale in the Republic of Ireland; If, ultimately, this is not the case, companies in Northern Ireland can claim discounts on products for which the UK had lower tariffs than the EU.   United Kingdom nationals and Union citizens, family members who are nationals of the United Kingdom or of Union citizens and family members who are not both retain the right to reside in the host Member State (Article 13).
The host Member State may not restrict or condition persons on the acquisition, maintenance or loss of the right of residence (Article 13). Persons with a valid file [clarification required] do not need an entry and exit visa or identical formalities and may leave or enter the host Member State without complications (Article 14). Where the host Member State `requests an entry visa to family members following the Union citizen or a United Kingdom national at the end of the transitional period`, the host Member State is required to issue the necessary visas free of charge in appropriate establishments under an accelerated procedure (Article 14). The agreement also deals with the issue of residence permits of indefinite duration during and after the transitional period, as well as their restrictions. It also clarifies the rights of workers and the self-employed and provides for the recognition and identification of professional qualifications. The new relationship will only be clear when negotiations are completed, at the end of the transition period. The new agreements will enter into force after the transitional period ending on 31 December 2020. EU countries must first approve these new agreements.
If the UK and the EU fail to reach an agreement, there will be a No Deal Brexit. This will be done at the end of the transition period. The Netherlands does not negotiate directly with the United Kingdom. The European Commission does this on behalf of the remaining 27 Member States, on the basis of the mandate given to it by eu countries. This mandate sets out what the Commission can discuss with the UK and what its negotiating position should be. He called on the government to withdraw the bill “by the end of the month” and added that the withdrawal agreement contained “a number of mechanisms and remedies to address breaches of legal obligations contained in the text – for which the European Union will not hesitate.” . . .